All About Architectural Styles

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romanesque art and architecture

For thousands of years the wealthy Romans passed their architectural traditions down to their children. Architectural styles arose from individual taste and practicality, rather than any formal design process. Ultimately, the style emerged from personal choice and architectural need rather than any attempt to emulate the works of the ancients. Despite this, the Romanesque period has become one of the most recognisable periods in European history.

Elements Of It Began To Be Adopted And Applied

A clock hanging off the side of a building

As the style evolved and changed over time, various elements of it began to be adopted and applied in architecture around the world. It differs aesthetically from the classical style in that it combines elements from many other artistic styles, including French, Italian, Greek and Gothic. Romanesque architecture is essentially an architecture of semi-circular arches. There is no clear evidence for the origin of this style, with differing proposals ranging from the sixth to the tenth century, the latter being the most widely held.

The Romanesque style shares some key features with several other styles, including the Vases, which are used in the decoration of many Gothic and Baroque architecture, the Greek Archaic, and the Renaissance styles. Although some architectural elements have been borrowed from other styles, such as the Salicrine and the Collegiate, there are also unmistakable traits of the Romanesque. Many of the building blocks of Romanesque buildings are unmistakably Gothic in origin, with their rounded or domed roofs, stairways and doorways, as well as the use of double-tiered windows. The roundness of some of the Romanesque building blocks, such as the Banaras and the Triton, lend themselves to the idea of circular movement.

The Vitruvian style

Background pattern

The Vitruvian style is sometimes referred to as the ‘Romeofloria’, because of its similarity to Renaissance architecture. The Vitruvian style actually evolved from the stucco building techniques used by Roman Catholic Church contractors. It is characterized by upright construction and the use of cast concrete. A characteristic feature of Vitruvian architecture is the use of a column to support the roof.

The Arab Style

The Arab style is sometimes described as the ‘petite form’, because it is so small in comparison to the other styles. This style is typified by flat roofs, usually with water gardens as part of their design. Unlike the Vitruvian style, the Arab style is not typified by rounded or domed concrete structures. Much like the Vitruvian style, the Arab architecture generally uses materials like marble. In addition, the use of mosaic tiles is common in Arab structures, though they are vastly different in their construction methods.

Final Words

The style known as Viennese art evolved in the thirteenth century. It is characterized by geometric forms and rounded corners, which give the impression of flowing water. This kind of architecture requires great skill, and many different artists contributed to its development. Many of the modernist architects of today have a strong connection to Viennese style architecture, as it is also widely used in their designs. This art form has been very popular throughout Europe for the past several centuries and has recently made a resurgence due to the increasing popularity of modernist architecture.

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