3 Forms Of Arts From The Romanesque Period

romanesque art time period

Romanesque Art rose after the end of the Roman Empire in the 10th century. The period between 1000 to 1150 is marked as the Romanesque period, which was later taken over by the Gothic style. Europe observed the expansion of Romanesque especially in parts of Germany, Britain, Italy, and France. These were also some of the very first styles that were popularized by people from distinct societies of Europe. Travelers or pilgrimages helped in spreading the concepts of Romanesque throughout the Scandinavian as well as the Mediterranean regions.

Romanesque And Influence On Architecture

Romanesque was affected by the political and economic situations that Europe confronted during the 10th century. Every European region has its impression of Romanesque and certain variants can be identified from the architectural sites from that period. People from varied geographical locations used their unique materials and equipment for constructing. The architecture and buildings were huge towers, round angles, adorning corridors, heavy and wide walls. These characteristics distinguish Romanesque from other art styles or methods.

Sculptures During the Romanesque Time

A large clock mounted to the side

Most of the sculpture-based art appears in Churches. During those times, churches were a means of educating and communicating with the people. The church gateways depicted the pictures of Christ. These artworks showed Christ as the highest authority or power. This was done with the assistance of sculpture art, which was portrayed in detailed sceneries. These were created with precious materials of that time. The elements include enamel, ivory, and metal. Multiple variants of sculpture art can be observed in Germany in the pattern of Ognissanti Madonna.

Paintings In The Romanesque

The painters used rigorously well-saturated colors. In the 10th century, churches controlled society. Just like sculptures, the paintings were also drawn towards Christ. The term Majesty was used for referring to Christ. They represented holy books such as the bible in their composition. These were inspired by Byzantine icons, which existed during the Roman period. For example, Morgan Leaf had been drawn in such a manner that the shape and size of the figure look distinct. More emphasis is given to achieving realism. Paintings on objects like glass began to flourish during the Romanesque period. The style of glass painting exists even in the present.


Politics have played a vital role in the evolution of the Romanesque style of art. Romanesque art became popular after the end of the Roman Empire throughout Europe. Countries like Germany, Italy, France, and Britain were majorly influenced by the style of art. In the 10th century, architecture such as churches, buildings, and other monuments was inspired by this form of art. Romanesque style can also be seen in sculptures of that time. Even the painters and paintings were motivated by Romanesque. However, the Romanesque developed into the Gothic style in France.

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